Updated: May 14
Thanks for visiting my blog. I have a passion for coffee that I want to share with the world. From Espresso to Cappuccino, Macchiato to Frappuccino we will explore the wonderful world of coffee. So where better place to start than looking at all of the different types of coffees.
List of Coffee:
We will list here in alphabetical order the types of coffee drinks there are, split between hot and cold/iced. There is a whole separate blog that goes into the different types of Coffee beans.
Affogato is an Italian dessert where a hot shot of Espresso is poured over a scoop of Gelato or Ice Cream. An Affogato style coffee refers to the espresso being poured over the drink (rather than the milk being poured over the espresso).
Americano or Caffè Americano (or American) is a type of coffee drink prepared by adding hot water to espresso, so it tastes like a traditionally brewed coffee. Can be drunk black or with milk.
Similar in many ways to an Americano, however black coffee is generally brewed using a drip coffee machine. The coffee beans used tend to be different too. Espresso (used to make an Americano) use espresso beans, as opposed to regular beans used in Black Coffee.
CAFE AU LAIT
Translated from French, this is literally coffee with milk. There are variations to this classic coffee drink with differences between European and United States. See here for more details on this.
A Cappuccino is a coffee drink that has an espresso based with frothy milk on top. Variations include using cream instead of milk, and of course with topping of chocolate powder usually, or cinnamon.
Apparently the name comes from the Capuchin friars, referring to the colour of their habits (clothing). Source: Wikipedia.
A Cortado is a coffee drink that is roughly half espresso and half milk (usually steamed milk; not frothy). The drink has a Spanish origin - hence the Spanish name!
Doppio is an Italian word for double - the coffee drink is a double shot of Espresso. However like so much when it comes to coffee, there are subtleties to this meaning:
Outside of Italy, the Doppio is the standard measure of an Espresso. A single shot (mostly in Italy) is known as a Solo.
Espresso is a coffee brewing method originating in Italy, in which small amounts of nearly boiling water (about 90C or 190F) is forced under 9-10 bars of pressure through finely ground coffee beans. For more on the origins of Espresso and caffeine content see here
A Flat white is a coffee drink made with Espresso with a microfoam (frothy steamed milk). Similar to a Latte, however the Flat White has a higher proportion of coffee to milk.
With Portuguese origins, Galao is a coffee drink made by adding foamed milk to espresso coffee and served in a tall glass.
Instant coffee ( or soluble coffee / coffee crystals / coffee powder) is made commercially by either freeze-drying or spray drying the coffee. All that is required to make the coffee is to add very hot water.
IRISH (My Favourite!) (Variants: French / Russian / Jamaican)
As far as I am aware the Irish Coffee is the original alcohol infused coffee. It is made with strong sweetened coffee, a shot (or two!) of Irish Whiskey with cream gently poured over the top to look a little like the other Irish national drink Guinness. Apparently originated in Shannon Airport (it's a long story for another day). I favour using Jameson Whiskey, but any Irish Whiskey would do.
Variants include French, Russian and Jamaican, where essentially the alcohol used is Cognac Brandy, Vodka or Rum instead of Whiskey.
Latte or Caffe Latte is a coffee drink made with espresso and steamed milk.
Lungo is the Italian word for Long. It is made using a shot of espresso with much more water resulting in a larger coffee.
A Macchiato or Caffe macchiato is an espresso with a small amount of milk added. the milk is usually foamed.
A Mocha or Caffe mocha (also called Mocaccino) is a chocolate flavoured variant of a caffe latte. Variations on the spelling are Mochaccino and mochachino.
There are a number of variants to the Red Eye, including the Black Eye. A Red Eye coffee is generally a regular brewed coffee with an espresso shot added. A Red Eye coffee usually contains one shot of espresso, whereas the Black Eye coffee contains two shots of espresso.
A Ristretto coffee is a more concentrated espresso. It is made with the same amount of ground coffee but extracted using a finer grind, using half the amount of water as a regular espresso.
COLD / ICED COFFEES
A cold brew coffee is a coffee that is brewed over a much longer period of time than a regular brewed coffee, and using cold water. Some studies have shown that cold brew coffee can be less acidic and contains more antioxidants than regular coffee.
Frappuccino is a trademarked brand from Starbucks Corp. It consists of coffee or creme base, blended with ice and other ingredients such as syrups and usually topped with whipped cream and / or spices.
An Iced coffee can be made using a regular brew and adding ice, or made using a cold brew and adding ice.
Iced Espresso is made by chilling a regular espresso in the freezer.
Of Algerian origin, a Mazagran coffee (or Masagran) is a cold sweetened coffee drink.
Nitro coffee is a cold brewed coffee infused with nitrogen gas through a pressurized valve.